Diatonic Scale Degrees for Improvising on Chords

Scale Names Scale Degrees Diatonic Chords
Major Pentatonic 1   2   3   5   6 Maj6, Maj6/9, Maj7, Maj9,
Dom7, 9th
Minor Pentatonic 1  b3   4   5  b7 min7, min11
Minor Pentatonic (b5) 1  b3   4  b5  b7 min7b5
Major 7th 1   2   3   5   6   7 Maj7, 6/9, Maj6, Maj9
Dominant 7th 1   2   3   5   6  b7 Dom7, Dom9, Dom13
Minor 7th (Dorian) 1   2  b3   4   5   6  b7 min7, min6, min9, min11
Whole Tone 1   2   3  #4(b5)  #5  b7 7b5, 7#5
7b9 1  b2  b3   3  b5   5   6  b7 7th, 7b9, 7#9, 7b5
Diminished 1   2  b3   4  b5  #5   6   7 dim, dim7
Chromatic 1  b2   2  b3   3   4  b5   5  #5   6  b7   7
Scale Variations using the Blues passing note (shown in bold):
Minor Pentatonic with blues note
1  b3   4   b5   5  b7
Major Pentatonic with blues note 1   2   b3   3   5   6
Dominant 7th with blues note 1   2   b3   3   5   6  b7
Chromatic Patterns using Chromatic Passing Notes:
Major Chords ( 3   4  b5   5 )    ( 5  #5   6 )    ( 2  b3   3 )
Minor Chords ( 4  b5   5 )     [see the blues note]